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SMPS Cuk converters

Started by Glenn July 24, 2013
Read a little about isolated Cuk converters.

Why are they not used instead of Buck, boost, Buck-boost converters? 
They work best with CCM but can of cause also use DCM. The original 
patents are expired:

http://boostbuck.com/TheFourTopologies.html
The 1:1 transformer is gapless. The input/output-transformer must have a 
gap:
http://www.boostbuck.com/IsolationoftheCukConverter.html
http://www.boostbuck.com/BypassingaCapacitor.html
http://www.boostbuck.com/GoodLookingMagnetics.html

Cuk topology is current loading/dumping, which means both input and 
output ripple is a lot easier to tame. Hey there is an inductor for 
"free" in series with the input and output.

( Here only the basic unisolated Cuk is described: 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%86uk_converter )

I have only found one (non-isolated) Cuk chip:
http://www.ti.com/product/lm2611
http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/lm2611.pdf

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It is even possible to couple the input/output inductor for (almost) 
zero input ripple.

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The "worst"/"impossible" Cuk to design seems to be the Integrated 
Magnetics Cuk Converter (IMCC, "DC transformer") because of "the two RHP 
zeros". Why is that a problem? Can the control be some AI? In DCM, each 
cycle can be done separately, so you have full control? Note: The IMCC 
is the 1:1 transformer and input/output-transformer integrated.

It is called a DC transformer because of (almost) zero input and output 
ripple.

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boostbuck.com: Easy Design of the Boostbuck Family of Converters: Beef:
http://www.boostbuck.com/Beef.html
Quote: "...Gus: I visited Dr. Cuk at his Irvine laboratories not long 
ago--he is an old mentor and friend of mine. He told me himself that the 
original patents on his converter had expired. His company has patents 
on further mods to the topology still in effect, but the original 
topology is no longer patented. It is this original that I deal with on 
my site...Gus: Nothing on my website is patented..."

home.netvigator.com: Cuk converter:
http://home.netvigator.com/~blessyou/cuk.html
Citat: "...The Cuk converter is a new SMPS topology at this moment. It 
include higher efficiency, low input and output current ripple, minimal 
RFI, small size and weight..."


T.S. Finnegan (January, 1991). "Cúk: the best SMPS" (på English). 
Electronics World & Wireless World ISSN: 0959-8332 Discontinued in 1995. 
Continued by Electronics World (ISSN: 1365-4675).: pp.69--72. Look at 
table at page 71. Quote: "...
The table below gives the effective primary and secondary copper losses, 
and the transistor and diode stress levels for the three types of 
converter, operating under identical conditions, for three different 
output voltages. The Cúk converter is more efficient and has lower 
stress levels in almost every respect
...."

Terrence Finnegan (July, 1991). "Design brief: 60W Cuk converter". 
Electronics World & Wireless World ISSN: 0959-8332 Continued by 
Electronics World (ISSN: 1365-4675).: pp.596--600.


Ćuk, Slobodan; Middlebrook, R. D. (June 8, 1976). "A General Unified 
Approach to Modelling Switching-Converter Power Stages" (PDF). 
Proceedings of the IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference 
(Cleveland, OH.): pp.73-86:
http://www.ee.bgu.ac.il/~kushnero/temp/guamicuk.pdf

Glenn
Two important note:

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The (incl. isolated) Cuk converter can "easily" be modified to be 
bidirectional - just exchanged the diode for a power MOSFET - and some 
more control circuit.

The second power MOSFET can also be used for

-

It is even possible to make AC Cuk converters - and the patents are 
still active:


Feb 1, 2008 Bridgeless PFC Boosts Low-Line Efficiency:
http://powerelectronics.com/power_management/power_ics/bridgeless-pfc-low-line-efficiency-0225/
http://powerelectronics.com/mag/802PET20.pdf

Dr. Slobodan Cuk:

Part 1:
Jul 1, 2010, True Bridgeless PFC Converter Achieves Over 98% Efficiency, 
0.999 Power Factor:
http://powerelectronics.com/power_management/power_ics/true-bridgeless-pfc-converter-201007/

Part 2:
Aug 1, 2010, True Bridgeless PFC Converter Achieves Over 98% Efficiency, 
0.999 Power Factor: Part 2:
http://powerelectronics.com/power_management/regulator_ics/true-bridgeless-pfc-converter-part2-201008/
http://powerelectronics.com/images/DesignFeature_BridgelessPC.pdf

With schematic:
Part 3:
Oct 1, 2010, Single-Stage Isolated Bridgeless PFC Converter Achieves 
Over 98% Efficiency, 0.999 Power Factor:
http://powerelectronics.com/power_management/regulator_ics/single-stage-isolated-bridgelss-201010/
http://powerelectronics.com/images/SingleStagePFCconverter.pdf

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http://www.google.com/search?q=RB-IGBT

Application Characteristics of an Experimental RB-IGBT (Reverse Blocking 
IGBT) Module:
http://www.pwrx.com/pwrx/app/04ias42p4.PDF

A High Efficiency Indirect Matrix Converter Utilizing RB-IGBTs:
http://www.pes.ee.ethz.ch/uploads/tx_ethpublications/friedli_PESC06.pdf

/Glenn