Introduction to Signal Integrity: A Laboratory Manual
Introduction to Signal Integrity: A Laboratory Manual provides a way for students, engineers and technicians to learn the basics of signal integrity by performing lab measurements on low cost hardware without using expensive test equipment. Each chapter of experiments is preceded by a theoretical description of the important topics that the experiments explore. Ideal for the use in the classroom or for home study, this manual provides step-by-step instructions for each experiment and is loaded with schematic drawings, oscilloscope waveforms and photographs. Explanations and suggestions for “supplemental exercises” are provided for each experiment, and where necessary “critical observations” are highlighted to point out especially noteworthy findings. Table of Contents Preface Chapter 1 Signal Integrity Background Material Chapter 2 Transmission Line Fundamentals Chapter 3 Laboratory Exercises: Impedance and Delay Chapter 4 Overview of Reflections and Terminations Chapter 5 Laboratory Exercises: Reflections and Terminations Chapter 6 Fundamentals of Crosstalk Chapter 7 Laboratory Exercises: Measuring Crosstalk Appendix A. Test Setup Build Notes Appendix B. Selecting and Preparing the Cable Appendix C. Oscilloscope Probing Techniques Bibliography By performing these experiments the reader sees firsthand how reflections and crostalk are created, and experiments with various termination and clamping techniques allows the student to discover how to reduce or eliminate problems. Appendix C discusses the effects oscilloscope bandwidth has on measurements, and describes the effects ground lead inductance has on measured results (and provides solutions on how to eliminate these types of errors).